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2018年同等学力英语翻译练习(三)

来源:不详 时间:2018/1/3 13:05:22

  The researchers suggest that capuchin monkeys,like humans,are guided by social emotions.In the wild,they are a cooperative,group-living species.Such cooperation islikely to be stable only when each animal feels it is not being cheated. Feelings of righteous indignation,it seems,are not the preserve of people alone. Refusing a lesser reward completely makes these feelings abundantly clear to other members of the group. However,whether such a sense of fairness evolved independently in capuchins and humans,or whether it stems from the common ancestor that the species had 35 million years ago,is,as yet,an unanswered question.

  参考译文:

  研究人员暗示,和人类一样,僧帽猴也受社会性情感的支配。在野外,它们是协作、群居的物种。只有在每个动物都觉得它没有受到欺骗时,这种协作才有可能稳定。如此看来,正当的愤怒感并非人类所特有的。完全拒绝较小的奖励使得群体的其它成员非常清楚这些情感。不过,到现在为止,这种公平意识是否在僧帽猴世界和人类社会独立演化,还是源于3500万年前他们的共同祖先,这仍然是一个“悬而未解”的问题。

  The new year always brings an old problem for students who return to campus after a long winter holiday. As the spring semester begins, some students find themselves having to adapt to college life all over again - a process they refer to as "the holiday blues", or "post-holiday syndrome".

  Students must return to the uncomfortable confines of life with roommates in a crowded dormitory. Just ask 19-year-old Jiang Cheng, who lived in a spacious, well-decorated home in Tianjin over the break. Now back in the university, Jiang is sleeping on a wooden board and a few blankets, which causes his body aching.

  参考译文:

  新的一年开始了,结束漫长寒假的学生们返校后总会出现这个老问题。春季学期开始后,一些学生发觉他们不得不重新适应校园生活---而这个过程则被他们称为“假日忧伤”或“节后综合症”。

  学生们不得不和舍友们一起住在拥挤的宿舍中。19岁的江城寒假期间住在天津宽敞而且装修也很精致的房子里。回到大学后,他睡的光秃秃的木板床上就铺了几张毯子, 整个身体感觉酸痛。



 

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