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2018年同等学力英语翻译练习(四)

来源:不详 时间:2018/1/3 13:05:22

  The first great rush of population to the far west was drawn to the mountainous regions, where gold was found in California in 1848, in Colorado and Nevada ten years later, in Montana and Wyoming in the l860s, and in the Black Hills of the Dakota country in the l870s. Miners opened up the country,established communities and laid the foundations for more permanent settlements. Yet even while digging in the hills, some settlers perceived the region's farming and stock-raising possibilities. Eventually, though a few communities continued to be devoted almost exclusively to minimal, the real wealth of Montana, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and California proved to be in the grass and soil.

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  最初大规模迁往极西地带的移民,大多集中在山区。在那里,加州于一八四八年发现了金矿,十年后在科罗拉多和内华达州,十九世纪六十年代在蒙大拿和怀俄明州,十九世纪七十年代在达科他的黑山地区都先后发现了金矿。采矿者开发了这些地区,建立了村镇,打下了永久定居的基础。不过,在山区采矿的同时,有些移民已看到这些地区有从事农业和畜牧业的可能。后来,少数城镇虽然专门从事采矿业,但蒙大拿、科罗拉多、怀俄明、爱达荷等州的真正财富,也和加州一样,还是在草原和沃土中。

  The China boom is by now a well-documented phenomenon. Who hasn't heard of the Middle Kingdom's astounding economic growth (8 percent annually), its mesmerizing consumer market (1.2 billion people), the investment ardor of foreign suitors ($40 billion in foreign direct investment last year alone)? China is an economic juggernaut. According to Nicholas Lardy of the Brookings Institution, a Washington D.C.-based think tank, "No country has expanded its foreign trade as fast as China over the last 20 years. Japan doubled its foreign trade over a 20-year period; China's foreign trade as quintupled. They've become the pre-eminent producer of labor-intensive manufacturing goods in the world." But there's been something missing from the dazzling China growth story-namely, the Chinese multinational. No major Chinese companies have yet established themselves, or their brands, on the global stage. But as Haier shows, that is starting to change. After 100 years of poverty and chaos, of being overshadowed by foreign countries and multinationals, Chinese industrial companies are starting to make a mark on the world.

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  如今中同的经济繁荣已经批一种得到充分证实的现象了。难道还有谁还没有听说过中国令人目眩的经济发展(年增长率高达8%)、颇具魅力的消费市场(拥有12亿消费者)和外国投资者的投资热情(仅去年一年的外国直接投资就高达400亿美元)吗?中国的经济力量已经势不可挡。华盛顿一家智囊机构布鲁金斯学会的尼占拉斯·拉迪说:"在过去20年中,世界上没有任何一个国家的外贸发展速度像中国那么快。日本用了20多年时间才将其外贸总额翻了一番,而中国却翻了两番。他们已经成为世界上劳动密集型产品的主要生产商了。"不过,在这个令人目眩的中国发展故事中似乎缺少了一种什么东西,即中国跨国公司所扮演的角色。中国还没有一家大型公司在全球舞台上确立了自己的地位或品牌。但是,正如海尔公司所显示的那样,这种情况正在开始发生变化。经受了长达100年的贫穷、动乱以及长期笼罩在外国及其跨国公司的阴影下之后,中国工业公司开始对世界产生影响了。

 


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